Mr Shannon must have hoped that he'd discovered an extremely lucrative loophole in the National Minimum Wage Regulations. He argued that he should be paid the minimum wage for time he spent asleep while on-call overnight. Unfortunately for Mr Shannon, the Employment Appeal Tribunal disagreed. The finding is not surprising, but the case does raise a serious point about the extent to which employees who are on-call are actually working. Mr Shannon was only entitled to be paid for periods when he was carrying out his duties, and not for the rest of the on-call time. This decision will be of particular relief to care providers, who often rely on these overnight on-call workers to provide effective 24 hour care to their service users.